* cheab.bbactif |القضية الفلسطينية | باكالوريا | التانوي |تقافة عامة | انترنت و برامج علمية

عزيزي الزائر / عزيزتي الزائرة يرجي التكرم بتسجبل الدخول اذا كنت عضو معنا
او التسجيل ان لم تكن عضو وترغب في الانضمام الي اسرة المنتدي
سنتشرف بتسجيلك
شكرا
ادارة المنتدي

cheab.bbactif.قصر العلوم.القضية الفلسطينية.التانية تانوي.الاولي تانوي.التالتة تانوي.الباكالوريا.برامج و انترنات علمية.تقافة.نكت و الغاز.ترفيه.هندسة الطرائق.كمياء.التوضيف.تعرف و اعضاء.صور و فديوهات علمية.تفاقة.فلسفة.ابداعات.مواضيع علمية.رياضيات.فزياء.منتدي


    The passive voice

    شاطر
    avatar
    pro-of-net
    المدير
    المدير

    الجنس : ذكر
    عدد المساهمات : 743
    نقاط : 4963
    السٌّمعَة : 8
    تاريخ التسجيل : 02/10/2009

    The passive voice

    مُساهمة من طرف pro-of-net في الإثنين 16 نوفمبر 2009 - 20:20

    THE PASSIVE VOICE
    1/ The passive voice is implemented to express the idea that the action is more important than the doer. Therefore, the doer is most of the time omitted

    2/ Note not all actions can be expressed in the passive voice. Only actions expressed with transitive verbs (verbs that need a complement of object) are put in the passive voice.

    e.g.: 1 - I live alone in a small house near the forest. There is neither electricity nor gas. And I have no TV and no computer. I often feel bored because I have nothing to do in my free time. So, I usually work with my father at the farm.
    * The verbs in this paragraph are intransitive. Thus, we cannot transform them in the passive voice.

    2 – At the farm, I feed the animals; I clean the stable; I irrigate the trees; I also **** meals.
    * The verbs in this one are transitive. Thus, we can transform them in the passive voice.
    - At the farm, the animals are fed; the stable is cleaned, the trees are irrigated; and meals are also prepared.

    3/ The passive sentence is as follows:
    Subject (not the doer) + be (in the tense of active verb) + verb (past participle) + by + agent.
    4/ Here is the passive voice of the most used tenses.
    ACTIVE VOICE
    PASSIVE VOICE

    1- Simple present
    Farmers produce organic crops.

    We learn English everywhere.
    2- Present continuous
    Farmers are producing organic crops.
    We are learning English everywhere.

    3- Present perfect
    Farmers have produced organic crops.
    We have learnt English everywhere.



    4- Simple past
    Farmers produced organic crops.
    We learnt English everywhere.
    5- Future simple
    Farmers will produce organic crops.
    We will learn English everywhere.
    6- Modal verbs
    Farmers can produce GMFs.
    We may learn English everywhere.


    1- Simple present
    Organic crops are produced by farmers.
    English is learnt everywhere.
    2- Present continuous
    Organic crops are being produced by farmers.
    English is being learnt everywhere.
    3- Present perfect
    Organic crops have been produced by farmers.
    English has been learnt everywhere.


    4- Simple past
    Organic crops were produced by farmers.
    English was learnt everywhere.
    5- Future simple
    Organic crops will be produced by farmers.
    English will be learnt everywhere.
    6- Modal verbs
    GMFs can be produced by farmers.
    English may be learnt everywhere.



    TASK: Complete sentence 'b' so as it means the same as sentence 'a'.
    1/a- Some world governments imposed an eco-tax on polluting industries years before.

    b- An eco-tax on polluting industries........................................ ..............

    ………………………………………………………..
    2/a-The French authorities have already banned advertising on public TV channels.

    b- Advertising....................................... ...............................................

    ………………………………………………………
    3/a- We use computers to learn, to communicate and to entertain ourselves.

    b- Computers......................................... ............................................

    …………………………………………………….
    4/a- In developed countries, consumers can buy goods through the internet.

    b- Goods............................................. .............................................

    ……………………………………………….
    5/a- President Bush was visiting a school when his body guards informed him about the attack on the Pentagon and the Trade Center Buildings.

    b- President Bush.............................................. .................................

    ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
    .................................................. ..................................

      الوقت/التاريخ الآن هو الجمعة 21 سبتمبر 2018 - 4:06